Weighing Your Shipping Options: Air vs. Ocean vs. Land Freight Forwarding

Weighing Your Shipping Options: Air vs. Ocean vs. Land Freight Forwarding

Helping you choose the right shipping method for your needs.

At Jenik Freight, we understand that choosing a suitable shipping method can be daunting for first-time shippers. In a globalized world, efficient shipping is crucial in facilitating trade and ensuring the smooth flow of goods across borders. Therefore, various modes of transportation are employed to cater to different requirements and distances. To help easily facilitate your shipping journey with Jenik Freight, we offer air, land, and ocean freight forwarding across 150 countries and 300 ports worldwide. Let’s go over the advantages and considerations of each shipping mode to see which one is right for you.

Standard Air Shipping

Standard air shipping is the fastest mode of transportation and is often chosen when time is of the essence. Standard parcel delivery by air transportation is the transfer and shipment of goods via an air carrier and a traditional freight forwarding service directly to customers. Air shipping typically contains high-value goods, perishable items, pharmaceuticals, electronics, automotive components, fashion and apparel, and other time-sensitive or lightweight shipments. 

Standard air shipping. Staff pushing parcels into cargo plane
For timely deliveries of your goods, standard air shipping is the way.

Key characteristics of standard air shipping include:

  1. Speed: Air freight offers unparalleled speed, making it ideal for time-sensitive shipments. It significantly reduces transit times and provides reliable delivery.
  2. Global Reach: Airfreight networks cover a vast array of destinations worldwide, easily connecting major cities and remote locations.
  3. Reduced Packaging: Air shipments require less robust packaging compared to ocean or land transport due to shorter transit time, resulting in cost savings.
  4. Higher Costs: Airfreight is generally more expensive than other shipping modes, primarily due to the speed and limited space available on aircraft.

Land Shipping

Land shipping refers to transporting goods by road via trucks or rail. Trucks can haul just about anything – from small commercial goods, such as clothing and agricultural produce, to larger goods, such as construction materials and automobiles.

Two common types of truck shipping are Full Truckload shipping (FLT) and Less Than Truckload shipping (LTL). FLT shipping refers to transporting goods with a truck trailer dedicated to a single shipment. On the other hand, LTL shipping is a mode of transportation where multiple shipments from different shippers are consolidated into a single truck trailer.

Rest assured that no matter your truckload, Jenik Freight has trusted relationships with other carriers across North America to ensure that our customers receive fast shipping times and competitive rates. 

Truck getting loaded with cargo
Determining if you have a Full Truckload or Less Than Truckload can make all the difference.

Key features of land shipping are as follows:

  1. Versatility: Land transport offers versatility in accessing different destinations by road, including urban centers, remote areas, and landlocked regions.
  2. Cost-Effective: Land shipping is often more affordable than air transport, especially for domestic or regional shipments.
  3. Reliability: Land transport systems are well-established and reliable, with predictable transit times and fewer disruptions caused by weather or other external factors.
  4. Limited Capacity: Compared to ocean shipping, land transport has limited capacity. It may be unsuitable for oversized or bulk shipments requiring specialized equipment or infrastructure.

Ocean Shipping

Ocean shipping involves transporting goods via cargo vessels across the world’s seas and oceans. Likewise to land shipping, there are two types of ocean shipping: Full Container Load shipping (FCL) and Less Than Container Load shipping (LTC). 

FCL shipping refers to when one shipper exclusively uses an entire shipping container for their shipment. The container can be either a 20-foot container (known as a TEU) or a 40-foot container (known as an FEU). FCL shipping is typically chosen when the shipper has enough cargo to fill a container or wants to ensure their goods’ security and integrity by avoiding mingling with other shipments. 

LCL shipping involves the consolidation of multiple shipments from different shippers across the globe into a single container. With LCL shipping, the shipper needs more cargo to fill an entire container, so their goods are grouped together with other shipments in a shared container. 

Due to its ability to transport large structures and large quantities of products, ocean shipping is a reliable choice for heavy equipment and bulk cargo shipments; At Jenik Freight, we specialize in the safe and efficient transportation of automobiles and heavy equipment from the oil and gas, mining, agricultural, and construction industries via ocean cargo. 

Bird's eye view of ocean freight vessel
Ocean shipping has a wide array of options, such as FCL or LCL shipping, Breakbulk, OOG shipping, and RORO shipping.

Key aspects of ocean shipping include:

  1. Cost-Effectiveness: Ocean shipping is generally the most cost-effective method for long-distance transportation, particularly for large, bulky, or heavy cargo. 
  2. Capacity: Ocean cargo vessels have the capacity to accommodate heavy equipment, such as automobiles and industrial heavy equipment. Jenik Freight offers RORO and OOG shipping, breakbulk, and containerized cargo. 
  3. Environmental Impact: Although slower than air transport, ocean shipping has a smaller carbon footprint. It is often the preferred choice for companies focused on sustainability.
  4. Global Connectivity: With an extensive network of ports and shipping lanes, ocean shipping provides global connectivity to major trade routes and destinations.
  5. Longer Transit Times: Ocean shipping is slower than air or land transport, and the longer transit times must be factored into supply chain planning and inventory management.

Ocean shipping key terms

RORO (Roll On/Off): Vessels that transport wheeled cargo, including automobiles, motorcycles, trucks, and more, which roll on/roll off the ship with its own wheels.

OOG (Out of Gauge): The transportation of cargo that exceeds the standard dimensions of a shipping container or conventional cargo unit

Breakbulk: The moving freight or commodities that are too large to be accommodated in regular-sized shipping containers or cargo bins into specialized handling equipment, boxes, crates, or simply rolling, lifting, or pushing onto a ship.

Containerized Cargo (Containerization): Moving cargo with standardized intermodal containers (ISO) made of weathering steel. These containers can be efficiently loaded, unloaded, stacked, and transported over long distances without needing to be opened.

Concluding Thoughts

Choosing the proper shipping method for your goods involves understanding the specific requirements of your business. Standard air shipping is ideal for parcels and time-sensitive shipments; Land shipping offers versatility and cost-effectiveness; and Ocean shipping is advantageous for large-scale, cost-effective, and environmentally conscious transport. 

At Jenik Freight, we are committed to helping you evaluate factors such as speed, cost, capacity, and environmental impact that will guide you in making informed decisions about the most suitable shipping method for your needs. Reach out to us at customerservice@jenikservices.ca to get started. 

To learn more about our services and company, visit our homepage.

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To get started on your RORO cargo journey, contact us today!

To learn more about our services and company, visit our homepage.

Read our latest Jenik blog updates!


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